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  Bernard Williams From Freedom to Liberty
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Bernard Williams From Freedom to Liberty

Bernard Williams analyzes freedom as a political value. To make his analysis philosophically relevant, the author suggests two basic conditions: 1. to view it as ‘a function of actual history’; 2. to aim at constructing the notion of freedom rather than defining it. The notion of ‘constructing freedom’ applies at different levels of its apprehension. Realization of the above principles brings Williams to the conclusion that modern societies are rightly concerned with freedom and aim to deliver more of it than did earlier societies.

 

Keywords: Freedom as political value, primitive freedom, the political, power, legitimation, political opposition, agency, rivalry, conflict, claims in liberty