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  Lukashev A.A. The existence - non-existence correspondence in the philosophical poem by Makhmud Shabistari “Gulshan-i Raz” (The Secret Rose Garden)
Home Page » » History of Philosophy » History of Philosophy, 2009, vol. 14. » Lukashev A.A. The existence - non-existence correspondence in the philosophical poem by Makhmud Shabistari “Gulshan-i Raz” (The Secret Rose Garden)

Lukashev A.A. The existence - non-existence correspondence in the philosophical poem by Makhmud Shabistari “Gulshan-i Raz” (The Secret Rose Garden)

The existence-nonexistence relations problem is the central concept in the Sufi ontology. The poem “The Secret Rose Garden” by Makhmud Shabistari like the most of the Sufi philosophy masterpieces describes the ontology problematic in the same terms. The Universe divides on the Absolute existence and relative existence, that correspond with the world and the ‘ayan thabita (objects of the empiric world, present in God and not-different among each other). It’s relativity appears in the ambivalence of the existence and non-existence. Each of them can correspond with the world and the ‘ayan thabita. Absolute Being unites the system incorporating the whole universe. This ontology system was natural for the Iranian Sufism and nontrivial for the Arabic one, so the research opens the perspectives for the comparative studies.