Institute of Philosophy
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  Alexander Subbotin
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Alexander Subbotin

Alexander Leonidovich Subbotin, Leading Research Fellow at the Department of History of Western Philosophy



Date and Place of Birth


January 24, 1927 January 4, 1917



  • Graduated from Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Philosophy, in 1950.
  • Post-graduate studies: Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Philosophy, 1950–1953.


Academic Degrees
  • DSc in Philosophy (1968). DSc Thesis: «Об отношении традиционной формальной логики к символической» (Institute of Philosopy, The USSR Academy of Sciences);
  • PhD in Philosophy (1954). PhD Thesis: «Природа абстракции и общественная практика» (Lomonosov Moscow State University).

Research interests

  • Formal Logic;
  • Methodology of Science;
  • History of Western European Philosophy.
List of Publications


  • John Stuart Mill on Induction. Moscow: Institute of Philosophy, 2012. – 78 pages.
  • John Herschel's Conception of the Methodology of the Natural Sciences. Moscow: Institute of Philosophy, 2007. – 93 pages.
  • Classification. Moscow: Institute of Philosophy, 2001. 
  • Bernard Mandeville. Moscow, 1986. – 136 pages.
  • Фрэнсис Бэкон. Мoscow: Мысль, 1974 (серия Мыслители прошлого). – 175 pages.

Translations and Commentaries

  • Locke, John. Two Treatises of Government / Introduction and notes by A.L.Subbotin. Moscow: Kanon+, 2009. 
  • Wundt, Wilhelm. Einleitung in die Philosophie (1901)/ Ed. by A.L.Subbotin. Moscow, 2001 (reprint.: Moscow: Kanon+, 2011).
  • Erasmus Roterodamus. Praise of Folly / Ed. with Introduction by A.L.Subbotin. Moscow, Soviet Russia, 1991.
  • Mandeville, Bernard. The Fable of the Bees: or, Private Vices, Public Benefits, in: A.L.Subbotin. Bernard Mandeville. Moscow, 1986.
  • Bacon, Fransis. The Works: In 2 Vols. Moscow, 1971–1972.
  • Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm. The Works: In 4 Vols. Volume 3. Moscow, 1983.
  • Locke, John. The Works: In 3 Vols. Moscow, 1960.

Encyclopaedia Entries

  • 'Classification', 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke', 'Idealisation', ' The New Organon by Francis Bacon ', 'Primary/secondary qualities', in: Kasavin I. (Ed.) Epistemology. An Encyclopedian Vocabulary.  Moscow: Kanon+, 2010.
  • 'Bacon, Fransis', 'Classification', 'Eristic', 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding by John Locke', 'Evolutionism', 'Idealisation', 'Locke, John', 'Mandeville, Bernard', ' The New Organon by Francis Bacon ', 'Erasmus Roterodamus', 'Petrus Hispanus', 'Pope, Alexander', 'Primary/secondary qualities', 'Social contract', 'Syllogism', In: New Encyclopedia of Philosophy: In 4 Vols., Moscow, 2000.